Thoracic surgery is the surgical discipline that involves procedures of the chest — primarily of the lungs, esophagus and thymus gland, as well as surgery of the chest wall.It is also called non cardiac thoracic surgery.
The non-cardiac surgical procedures include lung cancer, esophageal cancer, neoplasms or tumors of the thymus gland and tumors that are growing into the chest wall and comprise this discipline we.
Thoracic surgery involves surgery for both benign diseases, like infections of the chest or lungs,which are common in India as well as removal of tumors or cancers of the chest.
- Thoracic surgery has changed profoundly in the 21st century. Multidisciplinary treatment is evolving and surgeons have major collaborative roles in management of lung cancer, respiratory infections, chest trauma, paediatric respiratory disorders and end-stage respiratory insufficiency.
- Today, lung cancer is the most frequent indication for thoracic surgery.
- Lung transplantation is increasingly an option for patients with end-stage lung disease.
- Recent developments in thoracic surgery have focused on reducing invasiveness, particularly through the use of video-assistance and Robotics, and on parenchyma-saving techniques such as sublobar resection.These save as much lung substance as possiblw without compromising cure.